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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

3 edition of Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia californica found in the catalog.

Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia californica

Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia californica

locomotion and respiratory pumping

  • 124 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Gastropoda -- Physiology.,
  • Aplysia californica.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Wayne Alfred Hening.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationx, 228 leaves
    Number of Pages228
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14243430M

    Aplysia Mollusca Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Diseases 1. Breast Neoplasms. Chemicals and Drugs Peptide Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex RNA, Feeding Behavior Reflex Habituation, Psychophysiologic Instinct. Phenomena and Processes Aplysia species. English. Diseases 5. Pain Inflammation Chronic Pain Goat Diseases Memory Disorders. Chemicals and Drugs Oxytocin Neurophysins DNA Coordination Complexes Organometallic Compounds Peptides Antibodies Antibodies, Viral Antibodies, Library Associations Base Sequence Molecular Sequence Data Amino Acid Sequence Journalism.

    Contribute to davidar/scholarpedia development by creating an account on GitHub. The feeding behavior of Aplysia californica can be classically conditioned using tactile stimulation of the lips as a conditioned stimulus (CS) and food as an unconditioned stimulus (US). Moreover, several neural correlates of classical conditioning have been identified. The present study extended previous work by developing an in vitro analog of classical conditioning and by investigating.

      Complex behaviors often require coordinated movements of dissimilar motor structures. The underlying neural mechanisms are poorly understood. We investigated cycle-by-cycle coordination of two dissimilar feeding structures in Aplysia californica: the external lips and the internal feeding, the lips open while the radula protracts.   Analysis of the feeding behavior of Aplysia demonstrates that neuromechanical equilibrium points are generated by shifting coalitions of muscles (Ye et al., b).For example, the protraction phase of swallowing involves the balance of forces in the I2 protractor, and the resisting forces in the hinge, interdigitating fibers that connect the grasper to the other muscles of the buccal mass.


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Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia californica Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hening WA () Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia californica: Locomotion and respiratory pumping. Ph.D. Cited by: We redesigned our Book Pages — can you share feedback.

Aplysia californica Mario Vinicio Huerta Not in Library. Functional analyses of cotransmission in Aplysia californica Paul Joseph Church Not in Library.

Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence i Wayne Alfred Hening Not in Library.

Hening l generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia californica: Locomotion and respiratory pumping Ph.D. thesis, New York University, Cambridge, MA () Google ScholarCited by: Central generation and coordination of a complex behavioral sequence in Aplysia Californica: locomotion and respiratory pumping / Respiratory pumping in Aplysia californica is a relatively.

BEHAVIORAL AND NEURAL BIOL () Neural Control of Locomotion in Aplysia: Role of the Central Ganglia BEHRUS JAHAN-PARWAR1 AND STEVEN M. FREDMAN Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology, Shrewsbury, Massachusetts In this study the effects of connective lesions on the control of pedal locomotion in Aplysia californica were by: 1.

Noxious cutaneous stimulation of anterior sites on Aplysia californica causes withdrawal and turning followed by escape locomotion (Figs. 1, 2). Stimulation of anterior sites causes.

Aplysia acetylcholine serotonin heart cardiovascular system respiratory system egg-laying feeding arousal excretion This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview. The neural network that controls the cardiovascular system ofAplysia adapts cardiovascular function to a variety of different physiological and behavioral situations.

It (1) coordinates the cardiovascular system with the renal and respiratory systems; (2) modifies both systemic and regional blood flow during food-elicited arousal and feeding; and (3) changes the tension of longitudinal.

Motor program Locomotion Pedal waves Aplysia PEDAL locomotion in Aplysia is a complex motor sequence which is an integral part of much of the animal's behavior. Locomotion can be elicited by several different stimuli in- cluding food [1, 6, 11, 12, 15], pheromones [2, 3, 7] and noxious stimuli such as salt crystals [11,12].

How are multiple central commands integrated for voluntary movement control Generation and coordination of heartbeat timing oscillation in the medicinal leech.

Oscillation in isolated Preston, R. & Lee, R. () Feeding behavior in Aplysia californica: Role of chemical and tactile stimuli. Journal of Comparative. In this study, neuromuscular tissue circuits from Aplysia californica have been characterized and implemented on 3D-printed inchworm-inspired biohybrid robots, creating the first locomotive.

Oysters impart significant socio-ecological benefits from primary production of food supply, to estuarine ecosystems via reduction of water column nutrients, plankton and seston biomass.

Little though is known at the molecular level of what genes are responsible for how oysters reproduce, filter nutrients, survive stressful physiological events and form reef communities.

Neuropeptides. Grasping soft, irregular material is challenging both for animals and robots. The feeding systems of many animals have adapted to this challenge.

In particular, the feeding system of the marine mollusk Aplysia californica, a generalist herbivore, allows it to grasp and ingest seaweeds of varying shape, texture and toughness.

On the surface of the grasper of A. californica is a structure known. The Behavior of Aplysia Californica Cooper (Gastropoda; Opisthobranchia): I. Ethogram Article (PDF Available) in Behaviour 98(1) August with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Aplysia californica is a marine gastropod mollusk that has served as a powerful model system in molecular and cellular studies of memory, providing simultaneous experimental access to neural.

Temptin, a component of the complex of water-borne protein pheromones that stimulate attraction and mating behavior in the marine mollusk Aplysia, has sequence homology to the epidermal growth. This review focuses on the neural control of feeding in Aplysia. Its purpose is to highlight distinctive features of the behavior and to describe their neural basis.

In a number of molluscs, food is grasped by a radula that protracts, retracts, and hyperretracts. In Aplysia, however, hyperretraction can require afferent activation. Phase-dependent regulation of sensorimotor transmission occurs.

Learning in exploratory and goal-directed behaviors can modify decision-making processes in the initiation of appropriate action and thereby transform the irregular and infrequent expression of such behaviors into inflexible, compulsive-like repetitive actions.

However, the neuronal mechanisms underlying such learning-derived behavioral plasticity remain poorly understood. Aplysia egg laying is a complex behavior requiring synchronized activity in many organs.

Aspects of the behavior are synchronized via the direct effects of peptide bag cell neurohormones and via. J.F. Aggio, C.D. Derby, in Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, Aplysia is a large, nearly shell-less marine snail that is best known for its use by neuroscientists in understanding the cellular and molecular basis of learning and memory, which culminated in awarding the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Eric Kandel.

The behavior underlying these studies is gill withdrawal, which. In this manner, peptides may coordinate the components of complex behavioral and physiological programs. The nervous system of the marine mollusk Aplysia provides a useful system for the study of the molecular and cellular events involved in peptide-mediated programs (Kandel,).This study had three goals.

First, we cloned the full-length sequence of a novel AKH, termed Aplysia-AKH, and examined its distribution in an opisthobranch mollusk, Aplysia californica. Second, we investigated in vivo biological effects of Aplysia-AKH.

Lastly, we compared the effects of Aplysia-AKH to a related A. californica peptide, Aplysia-GnRH. A shift in motivational state often produces behavioral change, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.

In the marine mollusc, Aplysia californica, feeding-induced transition from a hunger to satiation state leads to a slowdown and an eventual termination of feeding. Because the multifunctional feeding network generates both ingestion and the competing response.